Brazil’s power generation mainly comes from renewable sources (almost 90%). The industrial sector has a very diverse energy matrix, with fossil fuels (35.8%) and biomass (31.7%) providing most of the energy in the sector. In addition, biomass is an important feedstock in some of the industrial processes. The country's unique combination of readily available renewable energy, rare raw materials, and well-established biomass sector serve as the basis for building green value chains in the steel and chemicals industries. The establishment of a hydrogen economy based on renewable energy will play a central role in this process. For example, instead of exporting iron ore and hydrogen and its derivatives by ship for steelmaking, Brazil could export green iron, which could create additional local jobs and an increase in value added. As the holder of G20 presidency in 2024 and potential UN climate conference COP host in 2025, Brazil is in a powerful position to also boost the international momentum for accelerated industrial transformation. Together with the Brazilian partner E+, Agora Industry works on policy concepts such as strategic partnerships to launch green iron trade that aim to unlock the potential for industrial transformation, both domestically in Brazil and globally.