South Korea is the 10th largest economy in the world and 8th largest trading nation with exports accounting for 31% of the country’s total GDP (2020). Energy-intensive industries, such as steelmaking, semiconductors, petrochemicals and automotive sectors are of crucial importance for the country’s economic development. Compared to other major advanced countries, Korea’s industry is therefore highly carbon intensive. The country’s greenhouse gas emission reductions have stagnated and its renewable energy deployment lags far behind international trends. The energy-intensive sectors will therefore need to change radically for the country to meet its goal of reaching net-zero emissions in 2050, while maintaining their competitiveness against international competitors. In collaboration with Korean partner think tanks, Agora Industry proposes policy options and instruments that drive the rapid adoption of decarbonisation technologies in the Korean industry sectors with a focus on steelmaking, automotive and petrochemical industries. The proposals are based on international best practices and considering the specificities of the Korean context.
Programme Lead Climate-Neutral Industry